Alluvial gold was first discovered at Lugushwa in the 1920s, although mining of these deposits does not appear to have begun until 1958. Limited exploration for primary gold deposits began in 1963 and led to the discovery of several deposits, including the Mapale G7, Simali, and 'Filon de Luxe,' deposits and the D18-19 and G20-21 Lugushwa deposits, plus some smaller zones. The majority of the primary gold mineralization was based on selective surface and underground development along specific mineralized quartz veins and stockworks. No significant open pit mining for primary gold mineralization has ever been conducted at Lugushwa.
Between 1958 and 1996, at least 457,000 ounces of gold were produced from alluvial sources, with a further 10,000 ounces of gold being produced from primary sources.